Research and Publications


Bibliography on Soweto

Alexander, P., Ceruti, C., Motseke, K., Phadi, M., and Wale, K. Class in Soweto (Durban: University of KwaZulu-Natal Press, 2013).

Ashforth, Adam. Witchcraft, violence, and democracy in South Africa. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005).

Beavon, K. Johannesburg: The Making and Shaping of a City (Pretoria: Unisa Press, 2004).

Bonner, P.L., “The Politics of the African Squatter Movements on the Rand”, Radical History Review, 46, 7, (1990): 89-115.

Bonner, P.L., “African Urbanisation on the Rand Between the 1930s and the 1960s, its Social Character and Political Consequences”, Journal of Southern African Studies, 21, 1, (1995): 115-129.

Bonner, P.L. and Segal, L. Soweto: A History (Cape Town: Maskew Miller Longman, 1998 [2008]).

Bonner, P.L., “The Soweto Uprisings of June 1976” in Makgoba, W and Bonner, P.L. Turning Points in History: People, Places and Apartheid, Book 5 (Johannesburg: STE Publishers, 2004), Chapter 2.

Bremner, L. “Reframing Township Space” in Nuttall, S., and Mbembe, A. (eds) Johannesburg: The Elusive Metropolis (Johannesburg: Wits University Press, 2008): 337-350.

Brewer, J.  After Soweto: An Unfinished Journey (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986).

Brink, E., Malungani, G., Lebalo, S., Ntshangase, D and Krige, S. Recollected 25 Years Later: Soweto 16 June 1976 – It All Started With a Dog (Cape Town: Kwela Books, 2001).

Chapman, M. Soweto Poetry (McGraw-Hill, Johannesburg, 1982).

Frankel, P. “The Dynamics of a Political Renaissance: The Soweto Students Representative Council”, Journal of African Studies, 7, 3, (1980): 167-180.

Glaser, C. Bo-Tsotsi: The Youth Gangs of Soweto, 1935-1976 (Cape Town: David Phillip, 2000).

Hirson, Baruch. Year of Fire, Year of Ash: The Soweto revolt: Roots of a revolution (London: ZED Books, 1979).

Hlongwane, A.K., “The Pan Africanist Congress ‘Underground’ in the Era of the June 16 1976 Uprisings”, Journal of Pan African Studies, 3, 4, (2009): 55-71.

Hlongwane, A.K., “The Soyikwa Institute of African Theatre and the cultural movement of the 1970s to 1990s: Reflections on the making of cultural history in Soweto” in Ndlovu, S.M and Hlongwane, A.K. (eds) Public History, Heritage and Culture in South Africa: The Struggle Continues (Johannesburg: Skotaville Publishing, 2021): 185-209.

Hopkins, P and H. Grange. The Rocky Rioter Teargas Show: The Inside Story of the 1976 Soweto Uprising (Cape Town: Zebra Books, 2001).

Horwitz, Simonne. Baragwanath Hospital, Soweto: A history of medical care 1941–1990 (New York: NYU Press, 2013).

Kane-Berman, J. Soweto: Black Revolt, White Reaction (Johannesburg: Ravan Press, 1987).

Kavanagh, R.M., A Contended Space: The Theatre of Gibson Mtutuzeli Kente (Johannesburg: Themba Books, 2016).

Lodge, T. Black Politics in South Africa Since 1945 (Johannesburg: Ravan Press, 1983).

Lodge, T. “Children of Soweto” in Lodge, T. (eds) Black Politics in South Africa Since 1945 (Johannesburg: Ravan Press, 1983): 321-362.

Mafeje, A. “Soweto and its aftermath.” Review of African Political Economy 5, 11, (1978): 17-30.

Magubane, P. Soweto: Portraits of a City (London: New Holland Publishers, 1990).

Magubane, P, and Marshall L. Soweto. (Cape Town: Don Nelson, 1978).

Mandy, Nigel. A City Divided: Johannesburg and Soweto (Johannesburg: Macmillan South Africa, 1984).

Mather, C and Parnell, S. “‘Upgrading the ‘Matchboxes’: Urban Renewal in Soweto, 1976-86” in Drakakis-Smith (eds) Economic Growth and Urbanisation in Developing Areas (London: Routledge, 1990): 238-250.

Manaka, M and Davis, V.G. Beyond the Echoes of Soweto: Five Plays (Amsterdam: Harwood Academic Publishers, 1997).

Mandela, W. Part of My Soul Went With Him (New York: WV Norton, 1985).

Mashabela, H. A People on the Boil: Reflections on Soweto (Johannesburg: Skotaville Publishers, 1987).

Mathiane, N. Beyond the Headlines: Truths of Soweto Life (Johannesburg: Southern Book Publishers, 1990).

Mbembe, A., Dlamini, N. and Khonou, G. “Soweto Now” in Nuttall, S., and Mbembe, A. (eds) Johannesburg: The Elusive Metropolis (Johannesburg: Wits University Press, 2008): 239-247.

Mkhabela, S. Remembering 16 June 1976: Open Earth and Black Roses (Johannesburg: Skotaville Publishers, 2001).

Mokadi, A. Narrative as Creative History: The 1976 Soweto Uprising as Depicted in Black South African Novels (Gauteng: Sedibeng Publishers, 2003).

Mzamane, M. Children of Soweto: A Trilogy (Johannesburg: Ravan Press, 1982).

Ndlovu, S.M. The Soweto Uprisings: Counter-Memories of June 1976 (Ravan Press: Randburg, 1998).

Ndlovu, S.M. “The Soweto Uprising” in South African Democratic Education Trust (Sadet), The Road to Democracy in South Africa: 1970-1980, Vol 2, (Pretoria: Sadet, 2004): 187-241.

Nieftagodien, N. The Soweto Uprising — A Jacana Pocket History (Johannesburg: Jacana Media, 2014).

Nieftagodien, N and Gaulle, S. Orlando West, Soweto: An Illustrated History (Johannesburg: Wits University Press, 2012).

Nuttall, S., and Mbembe, A. (eds) Johannesburg: The Elusive Metropolis (Johannesburg: Wits University Press, 2008).

Phadi, M and Cerruti, C. “The Multiple Meanings of the Middle Class in Soweto, South Africa” African Sociological Review, 15, 1, (2011): 87-107.

Pheko, M. Soweto Uprisings: As Told in Court (Johannesburg: Tokoloho Development Association, 2014).

Roberts, Adam and Thloloe, Joe (eds), Soweto Inside Out: Stories about Africa’s Famous Township (Johannesburg: Penguin Random House South Africa, 2012).

Sisulu, E. Walter and Albertina Sisulu. In Our Lifetime (Cape Town: David Phillip, 2003).

Stadler, A. “Birds in a Cornfield: Squatter Movements in Johannesburg, 1944-1947”, Journal of South African Studies, 6, 1, (1979): 93-123.

Swilling, M and Shubane, K. “Negotiating the Urban Transition: The Soweto Experience” in Lee, R and Schlemmer, L (eds) Transition to Democracy (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991): 223-258.

Tambo, O.R. “Black Consciousness and the Soweto Uprising” in Tambo, A. Preparing for Power: Oliver Tambo Speaks (London: Heinemann, 1987).

Tin, H. “Children in Violent Spaces: A Reinterpretation of the 1976 Soweto Uprising”, Social Identities in the New South Africa After Apartheid, Volume 1 (Cape Town: Kwela Books and South African History Online, 2001): 127-152.

Tlali, M. Footprints in the Quag: Stories and Dialogues from Soweto (Cape Town: David Phillip Publishers, 1989).


Research Reports & Dissertations

Cobley, Alan Gregor. “‘On the Shoulders of Giants”: The Black Petty Bourgeoisie in Politics and Society in South Africa, 1924 to 1950” (PhD Thesis, School of Oriental and African Studies, 1987).

Crankshaw, O. “Race, Class and the Changing Division of Labour Under Apartheid” (PhD Thesis, University of the Witwatersrand 1994).

French, K. “James Mpanza and the Sofasonke Party in the Development of Local Politics in Soweto” (MA Dissertation, University of the Witwatersrand, 1983).

Glaser, C. “Youth Culture and Politics in Soweto, 1958-1976” (PhD Thesis, University of Cambridge, 1994).

Hlongwane, A.K. “The Historical Development of the Commemoration of the June 16 1976 Uprisings: A Study of Representation, Commemoration and Collective Memory” (PhD Thesis, University of the Witwatersrand, 2015).

Maguire, R. “The People’s Club: A Social and Institutional History of Orlando Pirates Football Club 1937-73” (BA Hons Dissertation, University of the Witwatersrand, 1991).

Majeke, A. “The 1976 Soweto Uprisings: Education, Law, and the Language Issue in South Africa” (Phd Thesis, University of Iowa, 1994).

Moorosi, Mabitle. “The Notion of Commitment in Selected Works of Maishe Maponya” (MA Thesis, Rhodes University, 1998).

Morapeli, M.M, The Rock: The History of Orlando High School 1939- 1984, A Research Report Submitted to the Faculty of Education, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Education, 1984.

Pohlandt-McCormick, H. “‘I Saw a Nightmare…’ Doing Violence to Memory: The Soweto Uprising, June 16, 1976” (PhD Thesis, University of Minnesota, 1999).

Shubuane, K. “The Soweto Rent Boycott” (Honours Dissertation, University of the Witwatersrand, 1983).

Steadman Ian Patrick. “Drama And Social Consciousness: Themes In Black Theatre On The Witwatersrand Until 1984” (PhD Thesis, University of the Witwatersrand, 1985).


Working Papers

Phillips, H. “Locating the Location of a South African Location: The Paradoxical Pre-History of Soweto”, Paper Presented at Shadow Cities Conference, University of London, June 2011.

Seekings, J. “Why is Soweto Different?”, African Studies Institute Seminar Paper, University of the Witwatersrand, 1986.